Chris Starmer

Professor of Economics, University of Nottingham


Reviews of Experimental Economics - Rethinking the Rules: 

Selected Journal  Articles

Introducing IOS11 as an extended interactive version of the ‘Inclusion of Other in the Self’ scale to estimate relationship closeness (with M. Baader, S. Gächter and F. Tufano) Scientific Reports volume 14, Article number: 8901. Published online, April 2024.  

Measuring 'Group Cohesion' to Reveal the Power Of Social Relationships in Team Production (with S. Gächter and F. Tufano), Review of Economics and Statistics. Published online, Feb, 2023.

Communicating the move to individualized donor selection policy: Framing messages focused on recipients and safety (with. E. Ferguson, S. Bowen, C. Lawrence, A. Barr, K. Davidson, C. Reynolds, S.R. Brailsford), Transfusion, 1-11, 2022.  Published online October 2022.

An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Description - Experience gap  (With R. Cubitt and  O. Kopsacheilis), Journal of Risk and Uncertainty. Published online October, 2022. 

Social closeness can help, harm and be irrelevant in solving pure coordination problems. (with S. Gächter, C. Thöni, F. Tufano and T. O. Weber), Economics Letters, Published online May, 2022. 

Confidence snowballing and relative performance feedback. (with Z. Murad), Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 190, 550-72, 2021. Published online August 2021.

Contextualised strong reciprocity explains selfless cooperation (despite selfish intuitions and weak social heuristics). (with S. Gächter, O. Isler and J. Maule), Scientific Reports, 2021.

Promoting voter registration: the effects of low-cost interventions on behaviour and norms. (With Felix Kölle, Daniele Nosenzo and Tom Lane), Behavioural Public Policy, Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2020, pp. 26-49. Published online 3 June 2019,

People prefer coordinated punishment in cooperative interactions. (With F. Kölle, L. Molleman, and S. Gächter), Nature Human Behaviour, 3, 1145–1153, 2019. Published online September 2019,

On the priming of risk preferences: The role of fear and general affect. (with Despoina Alempaki & Fabio Tufano), Journal of Economic Psychology. Published online Jan 2019,

Re-examining how utility and weighting functions get their shapes: a quasi-adversarial collaboration providing a new interpretation. (with Despoina Alempaki, Emina Cadic, Tim Mullet, Neil Stewart, William Skylark, and Fabio Tufano), Management Science, 65(10):4841-4862. Published online July 2019,

Is intuition really cooperative? Improved tests support the social heuristics hypothesis (with Isler O, Maule J). PLoS ONE 13(1): e0190560, 2018.

Consumption experience, choice experience and the endowment effect (with S.J. Humphrey and L. Lindsay, L) Journal of the Economic Science Association, 2017.

How do Risk Attitudes Affect Measured Confidence? (with Zahra Murad and Martin Sefton), Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 52, 21-46, 2016.

Measuring the Closeness of Relationships: A Comprehensive Evaluation of the 'Inclusion of the Other in the Self' Scale (with F. Tufano and S. Gächter), PloS ONE, 10 (6): e0129478, 2015.

On Preference Imprecision (with R. Cubitt and D. Martinez Navarro), Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 50, 1-34, 2015.

Does Consultation Improve Decision Making? (with A. Isopi and D. Nosenzo), Theory and Decision, 77, 377–388, 2014.

Incentives, Expertise and Medical Decisions: Testing the Robustness of Natural Frequency Framing (with E. Ferguson), Health Psychology, 32, 967-77, 2013.

Are Bygones Bygones? (with R. Cubitt and M. Ruiz-Martos), Theory and Decision, 75, 185-282, 2012. DOI 10.1007/s11238-010-9233-4

A response to Binmore, Harrison and Ross on Experimental Economics: Rethinking the Rules, Journal of Economic Methodology, 18, 195-199, 2011.

Preference Reversals and Disparities between Willingness to Pay and Willingness to Accept in Repeated Markets (with G. Loomes and R. Sugden), Journal of Economic Psychology, 31, 374-87, 2010.

Explaining Focal Points: Cognitive Hierarchy Theory versus Team Reasoning, (with N. Bardsley, J. Mehta, C. Starmer and R. Sugden), Economic Journal, 120, 40-79, 2010.

Are Experimental Economists Prone to Framing Effects? A Natural Field Experiment, (with  S. Gächter, H. Orzen, E. Renner and C. Starmer), Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization, 70, 443-446, 2009.

Market Experience Eliminates Some Anomalies - And Creates New Ones (with J. Braga and S. Humphrey), European Economic Review, 53, 410-16, 2009.

Third-Generation Prospect Theory, (with U. Schmidt and R. Sugden), Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 36, 203-223, 2008.

Preference Reversals The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Second Edition. Eds. Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

​The Affect Heuristic and the Attractiveness of Simple Gambles, (with I. Bateman, S. Dent, E. Peters and P. Slovic), Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 20, 365–380, 2007.

Exploring the Error in Experimental Economics: Introduction (with N. Bardsley). Experimental Economics, Special Issue, 8, 295-99, 2005.

Preference anomalies, preference elicitation and the discovered preference hypothesis (With J. Braga), Environmental and Resource Economics, 32, 55-89, 2005.

Normative Notions in Descriptive Dialogues, Journal of Economic Methodology, 12, 227-89, 2005.

Testing competing models of loss aversion: An adversarial collaboration (with I. Bateman, D. Kahneman, A. Munro, and R. Sugden), Journal of Public Economics, 89, 1561-1580, 2005.

Testing Explanations of Preference Reversal (with R Cubitt and A Munro), Economic Journal, 114, 709-26, 2004.

Do Anomalies Disappear in Repeated Markets?  (With G. Loomes and R. Sugden, Economic Journal, 113, C153-C166, 2003.

Discovered preferences and the independence axiom: testing for common consequence and common ratio effects using single-choice designs (with R. Cubitt and R.Sugden), Journal of Economic Methodology, 8, 385-414, 2001.

Estimating four Hicksian welfare measures for a public good: A contingent valuation investigation. (with Ian J. Bateman, Ian H. Langford, Alistair Munro,  and Robert Sugden), Land Economics, 76, 355-73. (August) 2000.

Developments in Non-expected Utility Theory: the hunt for a descriptive theory of choice under risk, Journal of Economic Literature, XXXVIII, 332-382, 2000.

Experiments in Economics: should we trust the dismal scientists in white coats?, Journal of Economic Methodology, 6, 1-30, 1999.

Experimental Economics: hard science or wasteful tinkering, Economic Journal, 109, f5-f15, 1999.

Cycling with Rules of Thumb: An Experimental Test for a New From of Non-Transitive Behaviour, Theory and Decision, 46, 141-158, 1999.

On the Validity of the Random Lottery Incentive System (with R. Cubitt and R. Sugden), Experimental Economics, 1, 115-31, 1998.

Experimental Economics and Deception: A Comment (with T. McDaniel), Journal of Economic Psychology, 19, 403-9, 1998.

Dynamic Choice and The Common Ratio Effect (with R.Cubitt and R. Sugden), Economic Journal, 108, 1362-1380, 1998.

Testing Alternative Explanations of Cyclical Choices (with R. Sugden), Economica, 65, 347-61, 1998.

A Test of the Theory of Reference Dependent Preferences (with I. Bateman, A.  Munro, B.  Rhodes, R.  Sugden), The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112, 479-505, 1997.

Does Part-Whole Bias Exist? - An Experimental Investigation (with I. Bateman, A.  Munro, B.  Rhodes, R.  Sugden), Economic Journal, Conference Volume, 107, 322-31, 1997. 

Explaining Risky Choices Without Assuming Preferences, Social Choice and Welfare, 13, 201-13, 1996.

The Nature of Salience: An Experimental Investigation of Pure Coordination Games (with J. Mehta and R. Sugden), The American Economic Review, 84, 658-74, 1994.

Focal Points in Pure Coordination Games: An Experimental Investigation (with J. Mehta and R. Sugden), Theory and Decision, 36, 163-85, 1994.

The Psychology of Uncertainty in Economic Theory: A Critical Appraisal and a Fresh Approach, The Review of Political Economy, 5, 181-196, 1993.

Testing for Juxtaposition Effects and Event-Splitting Effects (with R. Sugden), Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 6, 235-54, 1993.

Testing New Theories of Choice Under Uncertainty Using the Common Consequence effect, Review of Economic Studies, 59, 813-30, 1992.

Are Preferences Monotonic: Testing some implications of regret theory (with R. Sugden and G. Loomes), Economica, 59, 17-33, 1992.

Does the Random-Lottery Incentive System Elicit True Preferences? (with R. Sugden), American Economic Review, 81, 971-79, September 1991.

Observing Violations of Tran­sitivity By Experimental Methods (with G. Loomes and R. Sugden), Econometrica, 59, 425-439, March 1991.

Probability and Juxtaposition Effects: An Experimental Investigation of The Common Ratio Effect (with R. Sugden), Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 2, 159-78, 1989.​

Violations of the Independence Axiom in Common Ratio Problems: An Experimental Test of some Competing Hypotheses (with R. Sugden), Annals of Operational Research, 19, 79-102, 1989.

Preference Reversal: Information Process­ing or Rational Non-Transitive Choice? (with G. Loomes and R. Sugden), Economic Journal, 99, Supplement, 140-51, 1989.